Guest lectures and seminars by top corporate leaders and high ranking government officials are the integral part of pedagogy of IME, IIT Kanpur. The valuable insight that the invited guest share about their experiences, business issues, challenges faced and subsequent dealing with such challenges provide immense knowledge to the students of management. Continuing with the trend, we had the presence of Mr. I. A. Khan, Adviser (Energy), Planning Commission, Government of India at the IME premises. He put across the issues from the planning perspective on the crucial topic: Securing fuel supplies for the power sector.
Mr. Khan started with pointing out that India as a developing nation requires growing sustain-ably at a rate of 8 %. Given the fact that the country is not abundantly rich in natural energy resources, an integrated energy policy becomes the need of the hour to fulfill our energy requirements. 77% of our Oil and gas requirement are already met through imports which is decreasing our foreign currency reserves. He further briefed about the availability of various energy resources in the country and the issues faced in harnessing these resources. He told that the countries hydro-potential is confined to the north-east states only and there are various geographical, environmental and socio-economical issues present to harness these resources. Also, the Oil and Gas discoveries made by the country are very few and are under producing as per the stated production like the Krishna-Godavari D-6 block developed by Reliance. Country has abundant coal reserves but coal found is of inferior quality and due to improper framework and policy from the govt. side, we are unable to utilize coal completely. On the nuclear energy side, he informed that India has very limited uranium reserve to produce only 10000 MW of power and basically we are dependent on imports. Illustrating the growing energy requirement, he said that the coal demand is estimated to touch 1000 million tonnes (MT) by 2016-17 with estimated domestic supply of 750 MT. The gap in demand and supply is increasing day by day due to various issues present and this demand is fulfilled by imports. With the help of data metrics, Mr. Khan reported that India’s per ca-pita energy consumption is low compared to china, USA and Canada and it is increasing every day. The Electricity generation capacity remains lowest among countries like China, USA and Canada. Presenting the facts, he said that India’s energy shortage is 8.5 % and peak deficit stands at 11.1 % in the year 2011-12.
Mr. Khan further acknowledged the progress made in the area of laying down transmission line’s increasing from 3949 Km (1974-75) to 268693 km ( 2011-12)., the power generation capacity addition of 118536.6 MW under 12th Plan and the decrease in the plant (Coal Based) load factor from 77.3% (2006-07) to 79.3 (2011- 12). Moving with the issue of securing energy supplies he emphasized the need to focus on larger domestic production, integrated energy policy to exploit the resources available in a sustainable manner and exploring other options like Oil and gas exploration, expansion of developed energy assets and imports to some extent.
At the end students asked questions to clarify their knowledge on various energy issues relating to Coal mining, thorium as sources of energy in future, planning of energy policy and role played by the planning commission. Overall, it was an interactive session with the students. Prof. Anoop Singh and Prof. Devlina Chatterjee from the IME department were present during the seminar and pitched in with their valuable comments adding diversity of thoughts and knowledge. Prof. Anoop Singh, on behalf of entire IME department and students offered thankful gratitude to Mr. khan for taking out time from his busy schedule and providing superior learning session to everyone.
Anand Prakash Gautam
MBA Ist Year Student